Johnstown High School

JHS Course Description Guide 2022-2023

Art Department Course Offerings

STUDIO  IN ART I
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT  OF CREDIT

STUDIO IN ART 1 is a foundational course for the high school visual arts program and is designed for the average student who is looking to fulfill their arts requirement. The course is an introduction to the ABC’s of art, the elements and principles of design, color theory, and craftsmanship. Students will be introduced to a variety of materials, techniques, ideas, and visual art communications (drawing, painting, printmaking, design and close observation).

STUDIO  IN ART II
1 SEMESTER
½  UNIT  OF CREDIT

STUDIO IN ART II is a foundational course of the high school visual arts program and is designed for the average student who is looking to fulfill their arts requirement. The course is a continuation of Studio Art I and continues to explore color theory, the elements and principals of design and how color works. This course is designed to provoke higher -level thinking in relation to art criticism. PREREQUISITE-Studio in Art I.

PAINTING & DRAWING I
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT OF CREDIT

PAINTING & DRAWING I is an intermediate course for grades 10, 11, or 12 that may be elected after a student has completed Studio in Art I & II. The student will develop a foundation of exploratory experiences in a variety of drawing and painting techniques and media.  The course will improve technical skills and will promote a deeper thinking level and original thought using a two dimensional format. Students will be focusing on craftsmanship, proportion, texture and value, with a continuation of color theory. Students that are enrolled in this course are required to have at least one study hall per day to devote time to independent studio time.

PREREQUISITE- Successful completion of Studio  in Art I & II. Students must receive an 80%  or better in Studio Art I & II

PAINTING & DRAWING II
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT  OF CREDIT

PAINTING & DRAWING II is an intermediate course for grades 10, 11, or 12, which may be elected after a student has completed Studio in Art I and II. The student will develop a variety of drawing and painting skills while mastering new techniques and styles. Topics in art history, art appreciation, and class critiques will be introduced. Students are required to complete weekly sketchbook assignments in a variety of styles, medias, and contents. Stu that are enrolled in this course are required to have at least one study hall per day to devote time to independent studio time.

PREREQUISITE- Successful completion of Studio in Art I & II. Students must receive an 80%  or better in Studio Art I & II.

CERAMICS
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT  OF CREDIT

CERAMICS is designed for the student who is interested in working with three-dimensional forms in clay.  The student will learn the basics of pottery making including: pinch pots, coil method, slab method, wheel throwing and tile making. Surface design Is taught using sprigging, incising, painting and glazing. Grading for students in this course will be concentrated on their in-class work, craftsmanship, and original ideas. Project grades are broken down into levels of mastery for concepts being taught such as, craftsmanship, form, surface design and surface decoration as well as original ideas.

PREREQUISITE- Studio in Art I & II. *Preference  will be given to students completing a sequence in Art

SCULPTURE
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT  OF CREDIT

SCULPTURE  is designed for the student who is interested in continuing to explore three-dimensional forms. The student will be introduced to new sculpture media and will be using thin metals, tiles, various tools, wire, plaster, clay and plaster casting. The course will offer both aesthetic and technical experiences to help the student understand and appreciate the sculptural art form. Grading for stu- dents in this course will be concentrated on their in-class work, craftsmanship, and original ideas. Project grades are broken down into levels of mastery for concepts being taught such as, craftsmanship, form, surface design and surface decoration, as well as original ideas.

PREREQUISITE – Studio & Art I & II. Preference  will be given to students who have completed ceramics and plan to complete a sequence in Art.

English Department Course Offerings

ENGLISH 9
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

ENGLISH 9 is a Common Core course designed to allow students to explore the complexity of fiction and non-fiction texts. Students are expected to examine purpose, and to deconstruct meaning in various genres. They will practice close reading and annotation, as well as write with purpose, citing textual evidence as support. The students will focus their efforts through expo- sure to literary classics and contemporary and supplementary works. Additionally, the students will be exposed to high school research techniques, vocabulary development, poetry analysis, and rhetoric.  Each teacher will provide a grading policy for the students at the beginning of the year that will make clear how a student will earn his/her grade.

ENGLISH 9H
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

ENGLISH 9H fulfills the English 9R requirement.  In addition to completing the content of the regents course, the honors section has additional  readings along with varied structure, processes and assessments. Students are expected to work toward and produce superior and more sophisticated writing pieces. Students work on advanced and accelerated assignments, some specific examples include argumentative writing and literary analysis.  There is also a focus on depth of knowledge and application of literary terms in context. Bi-quarterly unit exams are given to test student knowledge, recall and application of spelling, vocabulary and literary terms.

PREREQUISITES:  Successful completion of English 8, with a suggested grade of 90% or better and teacher recommendation.

ENGLISH 10
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

ENGLISH 10 is a Common Core course designed to continue student exploration of complex fiction and non-fiction. The course will provide the student with the opportunity to build upon prior learning and utilize critical analysis.  Students are expected to examine purpose, and to deconstruct meaning in various genres. They will practice close reading and annotation, as well as write with purpose, citing textual evidence as support. The students will focus their efforts through exposure to literary classics and contemporary and supplementary works. The students will use literary response and expression, interpret information, and expand verbal skills. Additionally, students are required to write a research paper. Beginning practice in PSAT, SAT and Regents preparation  will be introduced at this level. Each teacher will provide a grading policy at the beginning of

the school year explaining exactly how grades will be determined in the class.  ENGLISH 10 offers an advanced or honors section that will be determined by a student’s past performance and teacher recommendation.

ENGLISH 10H
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

ENGLISH 10H fulfills the English 10R requirement.  In addition to completing the content of the regents course, the honors section has four additional text readings along with varied structure, processes and assessments. Students are expected to work and produce superior and more sophisticated writing pieces. Students work on advanced and accelerated assignments, some specific examples include argumentative writing and literary analysis.  There is also a focus on depth of knowledge and application of literary terms in context. Bi- quarterly projects, essays, and exams are given to test student knowledge, recall and application of spelling, vocabulary and literary terms.

PREREQUISITES:  Successful completion of English 9 with a suggested grade of 88% or better and teacher recommendation.

ENGLISH 11
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

ENGLISH 11 is a Common Core course designed to continue to build a solid foundation of knowledge, skills, and strategies that will be refined, applied, and extended as students engage in more complex ideas, texts, and tasks. In English 11, students will add to the list of various genre of classic and contemporary narrative and informational texts that will be read and analyzed throughout high school. The English 11 curriculum continues to build on the language arts skills necessary to achieve success on the Common Core ELA Regents. This course emphasizes the Common Core Learning Standards of reading, writing, listening, and speaking for multiple purposes in all units.  A study of American Literature and writers who reflect the diversity of this country are the major components of the course as well as SAT and ACT preparation.  An emphasis on non-fiction, literary elements, and rhetorical considerations as well as thematic approach will form the core of the course.

The following courses will be offered to students  in their third and fourth year of English Studies along with English 11 to complete their four-year sequence in the language arts curriculum.

ADVANCED COMPOSITION
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT  OF CREDIT

ADVANCED COMPOSITION is designed for academically strong juniors and seniors as the first semester PREREQUISITE of Advanced Placement Composition, or as a semester course for seniors who write well but wish to write better in preparation for college-level writing assignments.  Students will receive specific instruction on writing, analysis, and argumentation.  All reading is non-fiction  and it will be studied for style and content.

PREREQUISITES:  Successful completion of English 10R: with a suggested grade of 88% or better and teacher recommendation

AP LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT  OF CREDIT

AP (Advanced Placement) LANGUAGE AND COMPOSI- TION is a college- level course open to students who wish to intensify their preparation for college writing. It is recommend- ed for juniors who intend on attending college and for motivated seniors.  Students should expect extensive practice in writing expository, persuasive, narrative, descriptive, and argumentative essays.

PREREQUISITES:  Successful completion of Advanced Composition and teacher recommendation.

The following courses will be offered to students in their third and fourth year of English  Studies along with English  11 to complete their four-year sequence in the language  arts curriculum.

CREATIVE WRITING
1 SEMESTER
½ UNIT  OF CREDIT

CREATIVE WRITING students will develop their abilities to write creatively through experimentation with different forms and genres, while sharpening their observational skills and articulating experience through various literary elements.

MASTER CLASSICS AND FILM
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT OF CREDIT

MASTER CLASSICS AND FILM studies film and made- for-television versions of the classics: the play, the novel, and the short story.  In examining this dominant genre in our culture, the students will develop the skills of analysis, debate, interpretation, and comparison.  This course is meant to be preparation for the type of work students will be expected to perform at the college level. Essentially, in place of reading, we are using films as literature to be analyzed for theme, content, devices, tone and mood.

SPEECH
FMCC – COLLEGE CREDIT
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

SPEECH is designed to enrich the students ability to communicate. Students are introduced to the forms of public speaking and afforded the opportunity to practice both the formal and informal deliveries of speech while maintaining individual expression and creativity.

MYTHS AND LEGENDS
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT
1 SEMESTER

MYTHS AND LEGENDS is a course designed to survey the myths and legends that have established many of the significant themes in human culture.  Through the study of literature, film, music, and art, students will explore how these myths have been treated by artists over time. Students will examine the great questions of human existence. Where did we come from?  What is the purpose of life?  What is reality?  Who am I?  Where do we go when we die?   Students will evaluate situational and character archetypes, the battle between good and evil, personal journey, the quest for self-fulfillment, and the heroic concept. In addition to class, discussion and presentation, student showcase their interpretations with a variety of creative works including written interpretation, poetry, short stories, fairy tales, musical compositions,  and other alternative forms of expression.

Foreign Language Department Course Offerings

SPANISH 1
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

SPANISH 1 is offered to students with no prior knowledge of the language. Students will learn the basic vocabulary and grammatical structures with an emphasis on developing listening and speaking skills. Reading and writing are also integral skills of the communicative process. Students will be able to engage in short role-playing situations, short dialogs and respond to basic questions in the target language. Students will be introduced to cultural aspects of Latin America and Spain and their influences in our American culture. The final exam will be the FLACS Exam, Checkpoint A, a regional test given throughout many schools in New York State.

SPANISH 1B
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

SPANISH 1B is a continuation of Spanish 1A from the junior high school. Students will learn the basis vocabulary and grammatical structures with an emphasis on developing listening and speaking skills. Reading and writing are also integral skills of the communicative process. Students will be able to engage in short role-playing situations, short dialogs and respond to basic questions in the target language. Students will be introduced to cultural aspects of Latin America and Spain and their influences in our American culture. The final exam will be the FLACS Exam, Checkpoint A, a regional test given throughout many schools in New York State. Successful completion of Spanish 1A and 1B will earn students 1 high school credit.

SPANISH 2
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

SPANISH 2 is for students who have completed either Spanish 1 or Spanish 1A and 1B and have a desire to continue on to higher levels of Spanish. Students will continue to develop all four communicative skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. There is a strong emphasis on mastering the grammatical structure of the language, as well as vocabulary acquisition; both skills will be used in a contextual setting. The final exam is a local examination and includes an assessment of all four skills, as well as specific grammar and vocabulary learned throughout the year. Students will be involved in many role–playing, short dialog exchanges.

SPANISH 3
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

SPANISH 3 is a continuation of Spanish 1 and 2. Students continue to master all four communicative skills: listening, speaking, reading and writing. There is an emphasis on acquiring more complex vocabulary and grammatical structures and utilizing both of them in a communicative setting. Students are engaged in short dialogs, role-playing situations, as well as answering more complex questions in the target language. Students continue learning cultural perspectives of the Spanish-speaking countries, as well as the Hispanic influences in the United States. The final ex- am is the FLACS Exam, a regional test given throughout many schools in New York State and will assess the New York State Standards for Checkpoint B in Languages Other Than English (LOTE).

SPANISH 4
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT
UHS COLLEGE CREDIT(JUNIORS & SENIOR)

SPANISH 4 is offered to students who have successfully completed Spanish 1-3 and have earned higher than an 80% as a final average for Spanish 3. Students at this level have the option to enroll in the University at the High School Program (UHS) offered by the State University of New York at Albany (SUNY Albany). The university course name is ASPN 103 and is considered a beginning intermediate level of the target language. A continuation of the four communicative  skills are emphasized within the context of different topics of Hispanic culture such as: differing concepts of family relations, geography and demography of Spanish America and Spain, art and entertainment, the environment and future careers. Students are required to be prepared for class discussions. A strong emphasis is placed on the grammatical structure of Spain, as well as learning new vocabulary terms and using them in a contextual setting. The final exam is teacher- developed and is consistent with Checkpoint C of the New York State Standards.

SPANISH 5
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

UHS COLLEGE CREDIT (JUNIORS  & SENIORS) SPANISH 5 is offered to students who have successfully completed Spanish 4. Students also have the option to enroll in the UHS program offered by SUNY Albany. The university course name is ASPN 104 and is considered  the advanced intermediate level of the target language. A strong emphasis is on the utilization of all grammatical concepts learned throughout all 5 years of language study within the context of class discussions and compositions. Topics include: perceptions of people and cultures, heritage, human relationships, life obligations, social and political involvements  and future jobs/role. Students will understand cultural perspectives on Spain and different Latin American countries. Students are required to be prepared daily and to actively participate in class discussions in the target language. The final exam is teacher–developed  and includes all materials throughout the year.

Human Development Department Course Offerings

COMMUNITY LIVING
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT OF CREDIT
UNIT  OF CREDIT GRADES 9-10

COMMUNITY LIVING  is a course which is designed to help adolescents develop skills which will better enable them to make positive and constructive choices especially in the areas of human relationships, parenting, and careers. The course will focus on the relationship between individual choices, social responsibilities and optimal human functioning. Health and social issues relevant to young adults and throughout the life cycle will be examined.

HEALTH
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT GRADES 10-12

HEALTH focuses on the interrelationship between our level of health and lifestyle decisions we make. As stu- dents progress through the course, they will gain a better understanding of the many factors that influence good health.  They will investigate the holistic view of health as being dependent upon a balance of physical, mental, and social aspects of one’s life.  The major health concerns of teens today are addressed. These include substance abuse, stress, development of mental wellness, development of positive relationships with others, understanding mental wellness, the role of adequate diet and exercise in total health, and communicable and non-communicable diseases. Students explore and identify community health agencies and organizations that one can turn to for health in- formation and assistance now or in the future. This course is mandatory for graduation.

CHILD DEVELOPMENT
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT
1 SEMESTER

CHILD DEVELOPMENT is a course that addresses the importance of studying children, the role of families and parenting. The focus is on the development of children at different ages and stages as well as learning lifetime skills that can be implemented in parenthood. While studying developmental theory, students observe children, evaluate individual differences and analyze characteristics of development at various stages.

Mathematics Department Course Offerings

PRE-ALGEBRA
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

PRE-ALGEBRA  is a full year course designed to ease students into the Algebra curriculum.  Some of the same topics that are covered in Algebra will be covered except at a slower pace. Some of the harder Algebra topics will not be covered in depth. The final exam is a local final given by the teacher. The student will take Algebra next.

ALGEBRA
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

ALEGEBRA is the first course of three of the New York State high school mathematics curriculum.  Topics covered include problem solving and graphing linear equations and inequalities, solving and graphing quadratics, factoring, working with operations with polynomials, probability, and statistics.  Students will take the Algebra Regents exam at the conclusion of the course. A graphing calculator is required for some topics.

GEOMETRY
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

GEOMETRY is the second course of the New York State mathematics curriculum, which will be taken after Algebra. Geometric concepts will be explored through coordinate, Euclidian, analytical, and transformational geometry. Some of the topics covered include logic, proofs, congruent triangles, and properties of polygons and solids.  The student will take a Regents exam at the conclusion of the course. The graphing calculator will be utilized when necessary.

ALGEBRA 2/TRIGONOMETRY
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

ALGEBRA 2/TRIGONOMETRY is the third course of three from the NYS math curriculum.  Algebra topics will be covered in depth including functions, quadratics, logs, complex numbers, trigonometric equations, and statistics. The student will take a Regents exam at the conclusion of this course. The graphing calculator will be utilized fully.

PRE-CALCULUS
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

PRE-CALCULUS  is a course designed to prepare students for college level math. Topics include: functions and their graphs, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry with applications, matrix algebra, polar graphing, and conic sections.  The graphing calculator will be utilized.

CALCULUS
UHS COLLEGE CREDIT (SENIORS ONLY)
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

CALCULUS (UHS) may be taken for Johnstown High School credit through SUNY Albany. Students sign up and will receive 4 university credits.  Topics covered include limit theory, derivatives and applications, integrals and applications.  A graphing calculator will be utilized when necessary.  The final exam is a local final exam given by the teacher.

COLLEGE ALGEBRA
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT
FMCC– COLLEGE CREDIT (JUNIORS  & SENIORS)

COLLEGE ALGEBRA will focus on factoring, rational expressions, solution of equations and inequalities, functions, applications of functions, polynomial, exponential and logarithmic functions, solution of exponential and logarithmic equations.

INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

FMCC– COLLEGE CREDIT (JUNIORS  & SENIORS) INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS  will cover basic concepts of probability, descriptive and inferential statistics including central tendency, variability, correlation, regression and parametric tests.

PRACTICAL MATH
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

PRACTICAL MATH will cover a variety of topics such as:  transformations, number systems, 3-D figures, percentages, interest rates and arts in math. Topics will be supplemented using scholastic magazines such as MATH and Money Confident Kids.  Students will be able to utilize and demonstrate how math skills are used by ordinary people in their everyday life. Topics will be applied to current issues happening in our world and how math is integrated into our lives.

MATH/ FINANCIAL APPLICATIONS (BUSINESS MATH)
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

MATH/FINANCIAL APPLICATION skills provide the foundation of arithmetic, mathematics and measurements used in common business and industry practices.  A hall- mark of the business education curriculum, is it’s relevance to everyday application.  You will learn skills throughout the course that will help you in your future roles  as citizens, consumers, employees, employers, investors, inventors, and entrepreneurs.

Music Department Course Offerings

SYMPHONIC BAND
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

SYMPHONIC BAND is available to all students in grades 9-12 who play woodwind, brass, or percussion instruments. There are several formal concerts each year, which are required.  In addition, each student will receive one lesson per week in a group of students with the same instrumentation.  These lessons occur the same day each week on a rotating period schedule.  The band may attend competitions or festivals during the school year. Individuals or small ensembles from the band may also attend the NYSSMA Solo and Small Ensemble Festival.  Individuals may also be eligible for selection for the Fulton County All-County Concert or Symphonic Bands. All students will be exposed to a wide variety of musical styles, with a main instrument through lessons and performances.

REQUIREMENTS: Attend all performances,  including concerts and festivals. Attend all lessons, with provisions for make-up lessons if necessary.  Complete/practice lesson assignments. Actively participate in rehearsals with appropriate behavior.

WIND ENSEMBLE
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

WIND ENSEMBLE is the premiere instrumental ensemble of the high school music department. Membership is by audition only for grades 10-12. Freshmen may be enrolled only upon a successful audition and a high recommendation from the Knox band director.  The wind ensemble performs advanced band literature and presents several concerts during the year. Rotating lessons are required as part of the course. The wind ensemble meets five days a week as part of the regular daily schedule.  Individuals or small ensembles are encouraged to attend the NYSSMA Solo and Small Ensemble Festival.  Individuals may also be eligible for selection for the Fulton County All-County Concert or Symphonic Bands. As an ensemble, the wind ensemble participates in the NYSSMA Majors Festival.

REQUIREMENTS:  Attend all performances, including concerts and festivals.  Attend all lessons, with provisions for make-up lessons in necessary. Complete/practice lesson assignments.  Actively participate in rehearsals with appropriate behavior.

MUSIC THEORY
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

MUSIC THEORY is necessary for students who opt to complete a music sequence in high school.  This class meets each day and involves assignments and discussion of music theory (rudiments, intervals, choral structure, harmony, melody, composition, and analysis) and ear- training/sight signing (aural skills). Daily homework assignments are given appropriate to the syllabus, and a college level text (Music Theory and Practice, Vol.  1, Bruce Benward) is used. Periodic tests of understanding and skill, participation  points, homework assignments, quizzes and tests, dictation exercises and taped sight-singing scores are factored in to the average when the grade is calculated.

CONCERT CHOIR
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

CONCERT CHOIR is a course designed to stress proper techniques, vocal score interpretation, and performance disciplines.  The course is designed to familiarize the student with performance in a choral setting.  Emphasis is placed on choral reading skills, part-singing, and musical interpretation.  The Mixed Choir performs in a minimum of three concerts each year.  Attendance  is required at all performances.

ADVANCED CHOIR
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT
(by permission/audition only)

ADVANCED CHOIR is a continued development of choral singing. Advanced Choir requires a commitment to more performances than Concert Choir.  Students become more independent as singers and participate in solo and small-ensemble singing. Vocal technique and performance skills taught lead students toward self-confidence and growth as ensemble singers. Students perform more advanced and challenging literature.  The Chamber Choir performs in a minimum of three concerts each year.  Attendance is required at all performances.

Physical Education Department Course Offerings

PHYSICAL EDUCATION
2 SEMESTERS
1/4 UNIT/SEMESTER

PHYSICAL EDUCATION is required in grades 9-12. Education  is through the physical and mental processes. These courses are offered with the understanding that skills be developed to carry on through later life and that development of large muscle structure be enhanced through these skills.  Classes are organized by grade level and the idea of group competition  is de-emphasized.  The basic aim is individual development.   One of the major aims of physical education  classes is to reverse the trend toward physical inactivity and thus to lessen the amount of physical degeneration in our society.

REQUIREMENTS:  New York State requires that all students participate in a minimum of 80% of their scheduled physical education classes. Make-up opportunities are: 1) Alternative written assignments (for students out for an extended period of time with a doctor’s note ON- LY) 2) Participation in other physical education classes, during free periods; at the teachers discretion.

ADAPTIVE PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAM
2 SEMESTERS
1/4 UNIT/ SEMESTER

ADAPTIVE PHYSICAL EDUCATION is designed for pupils who are judged to have need of a more specialized program are identified by PE staff, health records, class-

room teacher recommendation, special education department and family doctor reports. Such pupils are grouped in small classes and offered specialized training in body awareness, balance, form, perception, eye-hand coordination, and eye-foot coordination.  An Adaptive PE student is one with a long term handicapping condition.  As a result, this handicap requires a special PE program to satisfy the needs of the student. A short term (i.e.  a broken arm/leg) handicapping condition is not basis for an adaptive program but may require a special program within the regular PE class/program.

PERSONAL FITNESS
1 or 2 SEMESTERS
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

PERSONAL FITNESS is an introductory course de- signed to teach the fundamental  skills of strength training. Focusing on the five components of fitness (cardiovascular endurance, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition). Students will learn proper lifting techniques, spotting procedures, as well as gain the necessary tools to design and implement a successful weight training program. Throughout this course, students will become familiar with all the benefits of regular physical activity in addition to learning the basic physiological principles of weight lifting. This course can be used to fulfill the regular physical education requirement or be used for elective credit.

LIFEGUARDING
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

LIFEGUARDING is a semester long course which will provide students with the training to achieve Red Cross certification in lifeguarding, first aid, CPR for the professional rescuer, AED and waterfront lifeguarding. A swimming pre-test will be given to students prior to being enrolled. Students must be able to swim 300 yards continuously. By the end of the semester, students must be able to swim 550 yards continuously, demonstrate competency in all Red Cross Lifeguarding skills and score an 80% or higher on the certification exams in order to obtain certification. Students must be 15 years old by the end of the semester.

The cost of the course is $35.00.

Science Department Course Offerings

EARTH SCIENCE
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

EARTH SCIENCE is a Regents course that encompasses topics such as mineralogy, geology, plate tectonics, weathering, erosion, atmospheric science, and climate.  Since basic lab calculations are performed, including density and percent deviation, students should be familiar with algebra computations.  Students must meet a 1200 minute mini- mum lab requirement in order to take the final exam.

LIFE SCIENCE
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

This class is designed to provide students with practice developing skills they will need in order to be more successful in a regents science course.  It will provide them with practice using the tools and references needed for lab science classes as well as work graphing and interpreting data. Students will gain knowledge in the use of tools and resources that are necessary for the successful completion of the regents science classes they will take in the future.

LIVING ENVIRONMENT
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

LIVING ENVIRONMENT is a comprehensive, full–year, introductory  biology course that is required for graduation. This course includes a study of cell, animal, hu- man, and plant biology, in addition to reproduction, genealogy, evolution, and ecology. Successful completion of the laboratory work and satisfactory written laboratory reports are required for admission to the Regents examination. Students must meet a 1200 minute minimum lab requirement in order to take the final exam.

CHEMISTRY
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

Taken by students who have passed the Living Environment class and Regents examination. Students must have passed Algebra and be currently enrolled in an upper-level mathematics class.

CHEMISTRY  is a study of the composition matter and the interactions between matter and energy. This course provides the student with an understanding of the theoretical and practical aspects of chemistry and the ability to handle equipment and chemicals safely. The topics studied included atomic structure, chemical bonding, aqueous chemistry, intermolecular forces, acid/base chemistry, thermochemistry, kinetics, electrochemistry, organic chemistry and nuclear chemistry.  Successful completioN of laboratory work and satisfactory written laboratory re- ports are required for admission to the Regents examination.

PHYSICS
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

Taken by students who have passed the Living Environment Regents examination and the Regents Chemistry course.  Students who have not taken Regents Chemistry may take Regents Physics with the approval  of the instructor. Students must have taken Algebra 2/ Trigonometry or be enrolled in that  course concurrently with Physics. PHYSICS presents a comprehensive study of physics motion, forces, energy, electricity, magnetism, wave, and modern physics.  The course includes a laboratory component, which meets for one period every other day.  Successful completion of the required laboratory work and submission of laboratory reports are necessary for admission in to the Regents Physics examination at the end of the year.  Students are expected to complete Regents Chemistry prior to taking Regents Physics.

FORENSICS
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

Taken by juniors and seniors who have completed Regents Chemistry.

FORENSICS is a course designed around inquiry-based performance assessments with students working in teams to solve crimes using scientific knowledge and reasoning. The course encompasses  all areas of science with an emphasis on complex reasoning and critical thinking.  In addition to using science skills acquired in other high school science courses, students will incorporate  the uses of technology, communication skills, language arts, arts, family and consumer science, mathematics, and social studies. Students must have passed Regents Chemistry.  Priority is given to students who are enrolled in another upper-level science course.

ADVANCED PLACEMENT BIOLOGY
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

Taken by juniors and seniors who have passed Regents Chemistry with an average of 75%  or better.

AP BIOLOGY utilizes a college-level textbook and laboratory investigations to study molecular biology, the biology of organisms, and the biology of populations.  Successful completion of the laboratory work and satisfactory written laboratory reports are required.  Students must have passed both Regents Living Environment and Re- gents Chemistry.  Approval from instructor and recommendation from the student’s prior science teachers are required for admission to the course. Students may receive college biology credit dependent on performance on the national Advanced Placement examination (taken at student’s expense).

CONCEPTUAL PHYSICS
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

In Conceptual Physics, students will be learning about various concepts, laws, and theories rooted in physics. Once the basics are covered, students will be participating in a number of activities that show off the application of these laws and concepts in the real world. We dive into the physics of video games, sports, and machinery, both simple and complex. Before taking this class, I recommend you have both taken and passed Algebra I.

SCIENCE EXPLORATIONS
2 SEMESTERS
1 CREDIT

SCIENCE EXPLORATIONS is a course to allow students to have the opportunity to explore science topics that appear in the headlines or in their everyday lives. Through a combination of hands-on activities, interactive classwork, multimedia presentations, and reading, students will discover the real science behind common ideas. Topics to be investigated may include food science, microbiology, sports physiology, astronomy, manmade and natural materials, energy, natural disasters, technology or other topics based on current news events and student interest.

Social Studies Department Course Offerings

GLOBAL HISTORY& GEOGRAPHY  9R
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY is designed to explore and examine other cultures that existed and events that occurred around the world throughout history. Students in Global History Nine will study the following general topics: ancient civilizations, major world religions, exchange of culture, the building of empires, the Middle Ages, European Renaissance and Reformation, discovery and exploration, and absolute monarchy.  Global History 9 students will take a local final exam.

GLOBAL HISTORY&  GEOGRAPHY  9H
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY 9H is de- signed to explore and examine other cultures that existed and events that occurred around the world throughout history.  Requirements for this course include rigorous reading, writing and researching assignments, participating in community service and competing in National History Days.  Students will study the following general topics: ancient civilizations, major world religions, exchange of culture, the building of empires, the Middle Ages, Europe- an Renaissance and Reformation, discovery and exploration and absolute monarchy.  Global History 9H students will take a local final exam. PREREQUISITES:  Summer assignment and 8th grade teacher recommendation.

GLOBAL HISTORY  & GEOGRAPHY  10R
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY is designed to explore and examine other cultures that existed and events that occurred around the world throughout history. Students in Global History & Geography  10R will study the following general topics : enlightenment  and revolution in Europe, American revolutions, industrial revolution, democracy, imperialism, Russian revolution, WWI, WWII, cold war and restructuring, struggles for independence and democracy, and global interdependence.   Upon completion of Global History & Geography 10R students will take the New York State Global History & Geography Regents Examination.

GLOBAL HISTORY  & GEOGRAPHY  10H
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

GLOBAL HISTORY & GEOGRAPHY 10 HONORS is designed to explore and examine other cultures that existed and events that occurred around the world throughout history. This course will be writing and reading intensive and require students to be able to keep up with a quicker pace of study. Students will be completing a major re-

search project and will also do several other writing assignments throughout the year. Students will be required to take the New York State Global History and Geography Regents Exam in June.

PREREQUISITES:  90% final average in Global 9 and teacher recommendation

U.S.  HISTORY &  GOVERNMENT
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT  OF CREDIT

U.S. HISTORY & GOVERNMENT may be interpreted as the history of public policy—political, social, and cultural.  This course should serve to develop student under- standing that people throughout our history have interacted with each other and with their governments to develop policies that they believed were important to their lives. The material is presented in seven basic units that enable the instructor to bring everything right up-to-date through the course. These units are the Constitutional Foundations, Industrialization (1865-1900), Progressivism and Imperialism (1890-1917), At Home and Abroad (1914-1939), Foreign Policy and the Age of Global Crisis (1933-1963), A World in Uncertain Times (1945-1974), and Living in a Global Age.

U.S HISTORY (UHS)
2 SEMESTERS
COLLEGE CREDIT- (JUNIORS ONLY)
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

UHS US HISTORY focuses on the survey of American history from early times to the Civil War, with emphasis on the development of political, constitutional, economic, social, and cultural institutions.  The program prepares students for college courses by making course work equivalent to full-year introductory  college courses. Students should learn to assess historical materials – their relevance to a given interpretive problem, their reliability, and their importance – and to weigh the evidence and interpretations presented in a historical scholarship.

GOVERNMENT/ECONOMICS/MENTORING
(G/E/M)
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

G/E/M students will study the American government and economics  largely through project based learning and simulations. The focus will be for students to learn and proactive the real world skills and knowledge necessary to be- come valued, civically engaged, and financially successful citizens. Students will learn and use many governmental, non-governmental, and economic methods to improve their lives and society. Students will give back to their community and develop twenty-first skills as participant in a peer-to-peer mentoring program. The full year course will fulfill the Economics and Participation in Government graduation requirements.

Advanced Placement  Politics, Leadership and Economics (A.P.P.L.E)
2 SEMESTERS
1 UNIT OF CREDIT

A.P.P.L.E. is a project based learning course that uses simulations to help students experience American government and politics, as well as Economics, on an advanced level that will prepare them to take the Advanced Placement U.S. Government and Politics exams. Topics may

include the following: Constitutional  underpinnings  of the United States government, political beliefs and behaviors of individuals, the role of political parties, interest groups,

and mass media, the institutions of national government– Congress, courts, presidency, and bureaucracy, public policy development  and implementation,  civil liberties and

civil rights, and current events. The course will provide students with an introduction to  both microeconomics

and macroeconomics. Students will give back to their community and develop twenty-first century skills as a participant in a peer-to-peer mentoring program. The full year course will fulfill the Economics and Participation in Government course required for graduation.

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY is an introductory course to the field of abnormal psychology. We will explore ab- normality within historical, social, and cultural contexts, as

well as the various predominating paradigms. Each major disorder, its symptoms, and preferred treatment strategy will be examined using case material to supplement the chapter text. Throughout the course, we will look at major research issues as they relate to both the causes of each disorder and the efficiency of current treatments and interventions. It is also anticipated that you will gain an appreciation for the complexity of human behavior and increased compassion for individuals with mental illnesses. Content covers assessment, description, theory, research, causes, and treatments of various psychological maladaptive behaviors and disorders. Some mental health problems studied include anxiety disorders, personality disorders, substance disorders, sexual disorder, depression and other neuroses and psychoses.

PREREQUISITES: Must be a Junior or Senior.  Successful completion of APSY101 and SOC115

HISTORY OF SPORTS
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT OF CREDIT

This course will examine the history of sports as it relates to the United States and the role sports have played in our society throughout time.Our studies will include sports at levels, from high school, college, professional sports and the Olympic games.  The sports covered will be based on class interest, but will certainly include some of America’s favorite pastimes and learning about some of sport’s most iconic sports figures, while also learning about some of the lesser known sport’s heroes.  This class is an elective open to grades 9-12.

PSYCHOLOGY (UHS)
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

COLLEGE CREDIT (JUNIORS & SENIORS ONLY) PSYCHOLOGY is the study of human behavior.  This course will deal with careers in psychology (psychologist, sport psychology, clinical psychology, etc.); behavioral conditioning (brain washing, learning, memory, motivation, nervosa, bulimia, dyslexia, etc.); abnormal psychology (neurosis, multiple personality, schizophrenia, autism, psychotherapy, etc.); parapsychology (mental telepathy, ESP, clairvoyance, etc.). Students can take psychology for either school credit or college credit through Albany State (approx. $120). Preference  will be given to seniors.

PREREQUISITES:  Successful completion of Global 10.

THE 60’S
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT OF CREDIT

THE 60’s course will provide an overview of the social, cultural, and political events of the 1960’s in America. Major topics of study will include the Civil Rights Movement, The Vietnam War, the Red Scare, Counterculture and the Kennedy and Johnson administration.

SOCIOLOGY (UHS)
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

COLLEGE CREDIT (JUNIORS & SENIORS ONLY) SOCIOLOGY emphasizes the study of culture and social structure, with particular attention to traditional and changing American values.  Students will also study the individual in society, which includes personality development, problems of adolescence, the world of work and developmental issues of late adulthood.  Issues associated with social inequality, including social stratification, racial and ethnic relations, gender, age, and health will be ad- dressed. Students will identify social institutions  studied by sociologists along with issues associated with the changing social world.  Collective behavior and social movements, population and urbanization, and theories associated with social change will be examined.

Students can take Sociology for either school credit or college credit through Albany State (approx. $120). Preference will be given to seniors.

PREREQUISITES: Successful completion of Global 10.

Technology Department Course Offerings

DESIGN  AND DRAWING FOR PRODUCTION DDP 1
1 SEMESTERS
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

DESIGN AND DRAWING FOR PRODUCTION (DDP) 1 is a course of study, which introduces students to the system of designing and drawing of an item to exact specifications.  They learn how to use drafting tools such as the “T” square, different lead weight drawing pencils, 45-degree squares, 60 and 30- degree squares, drafting boards, and assorted templates.  After the students learn the use of techniques of hand drafting equipment they are transferred to the AutoCAD Lab where they are introduced to the drafting schemes and techniques of using the computer to design and draw. Using the computer to draw and draft, students learn and observe that it is unique and exact in all dimensions, angles, distances, and numbers. The end product of this course of study teaches the student how to express his or her ideas by accurate hand drawing or procession exact computer programs.

DESIGN  AND DRAWING FOR PRODUCTION DDP 2
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

DESIGN AND DRAWING FOR PRODUCTION is a half- year course that continues where DDP 1 left off, and continues to identify design problems, this time using computers and the 3 dimensional program of Auto Desk Inventor. Students will apply their knowledge of technical drawing and apply it to using computers. It is because of the computer program that students are filled with instant gratification of a 3D drawing. Design concepts are talked about extensively and this is a course that will satisfy one credit of art/music for graduation.

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS
1 SEMESTER
1/2  UNIT  OF CREDIT

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS is a half year course that presents an overview of aerospace, land, and marine transportation systems organized into five topics- inputs, resources, processes, and control which are specifically tailored to transportation. A small engine unit is done in the beginning of the course.

Identification of tools and engine parts are covered extensively throughout the course. Students are asked to complete small tasks such as; oil changes, lapping valves, and more. Students may be asked to bring in a small engine, to take apart, rebuild.

LAND TRANSPORTATION
1 SEMESTERS
1/2  UNIT  OF CREDIT

LAND TRANSPORTATION is a half year course that intro- duces students to the whole automobile.  It is our premise that each student will eventually own an automobile and he/she should be well versed in all aspects of the vehicle.  Students will become familiar with the operation of a gasoline engine and the maintenance required to assure maximum performance and longevity. Topics will include career awareness, work habits and attitudes, basic automotive electricity and electronics, subsys- tems of the automobile and their functions and maintenance. Environmental impacts of automobile use and disposal, work place relations, and consumer issues are explored.

CADD 1& 2
1 SEMESTER  EACH
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT EACH

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND DRAWING is a half-year course that explores the history, components, applications, design functions, and career opportunities within computer aid- ed design.  Graphic problems will be solved using the CADD system to acquire technical drawing skills and an understanding of industrial standards. Global utilization of CADD has grown to an all time high.  Many design companies use some form of 3D program to transform ideas from paper to computer. An emphasis on 3D drawings is focused on during the first half of the course. The second half of the course includes product de- sign as well as architectural design and interior design.

PREREQUISTITE:  DDP 1 & 2

CADD 3 & 4
1 SEMESTER EACH
1/2 UNIT OF CREDIT EACH

COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND DRAWING 3 and 4 is half year to full year course that focuses on design, imagination, and creativity.  In this course, students will develop designs and plans that are used in the corporate world.  Most designs begin by problem solving and brainstorming.  Using concepts from DDP and CADD 1 and 2, students will develop assembly drawings that show how 3 dimensional modeling can enhance the design and bring the object to life on the computer screen. Other areas of interest, architectural design, and engineering concepts.

PREREQUISITE:  CADD 1&2
PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

PRODUCTION SYSTEMS is a course designed to teach students the procedures incorporated in designing, producing, promoting and marketing a manufactured product. Students learn what is meant by product need, raw material availability, labor force supply, advertising scheme, design/drawing tactics, safe shop equipment use, assembly skills, assigning scheduled tasks, and manufacturing complete devices. This course promotes the concept of working collaboratively to achieve an end result and gives the students the feel of working in a team concept and working in an industry where each person is responsible  for a certain task. This course better prepares students for under- standing and/or entering the workforce and helps them to real-ize the importance of being dependable.

RESIDENTIAL STUCTURES
1 SEMESTER
1/2 UNIT  OF CREDIT

RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES covers the construction of a complete medium-size building.  The course covers topics including preparing the ground, making and ordering material and building the complete structure. When the building is completed, it will be open for inspection and sold to the highest bidder. Bid minimum is set to cover the material and tool wear. Working for actual blueprints, textbooks and the teacher handout sheets covering helpful hints, the students learn the stages of how the building process is accomplished The course is demanding both mentally and physically, but the students derive great enjoyment from both learning and actually doing.  The skills the students acquire in this course not only help them in their future lives, it may inspire interest to continue learning in college or a trade school.

Career and Technical Center Course Offerings

Please visit the HFM BOCES CTE webpage at https://www.hfmboces.org/programs-services/cte/ for information regarding the following Career and Technical Center course offerings: